Soltanieh dome is registered in the UNESCO as the 7th Iranian monument of the world heritage. It is located in 39 km away in the South East of Zanjan at E48,47.736, N36,26.024 and 1830 meters above the sea level.


The 48 m high dome includes 8 terraces, 8 angles, 8 minarets and it is built at the beginning of the 8th Hegira century by the 8th Mongolian Illkhan. This monument is built by the order of Oljayto (Soltan Mohammad Khoda-bandeh), the 8th Mongolian Illkhan, during 1302 to 1312 A.D. in a city called Soltanieh, the capital of Illkhani dynasty that was made by Mongolians and it is his tomb too.

Soltanieh is an outstanding symbol of Iranian monuments that describes the Islamic architecture covered by blue tiles. Soltanieh is the first double layer dome in Iran. The decoration inside the tomb is noticeable. The way some researchers such as Arthur Ephampop, the American well known historian has described Tajmahal as a copy of this monument.

Oljayto ordered to build the monument to transfer the Shiite’s Imams’ bodies to this tomb, but because of Shiite’s clergymen disagreement, it was cancelled. He just transferred some soil from Najaf and made a part called Torbat-Khaneh (the home of soil). The monument is a beautiful mosque and popular for its architecture, design and greatness in the world. The dome is located inside the old city called Soltanieh and the royal citadel. Rooms and booths have been built all around the building on top. Dome is covered by blue tiles and the top of the rooms are designed by colorful bricks and stuccoworks. Around the rooms holly names and the verses of Quran has been written in a nice way. Engravings in the bricks of the wall and colorful ceilings have designed this monument for about 700 years.

The architecture and decoration of the tomb is a turning point of the architecture in its era and created a new architecture separated from the Saljouqie’s time. Soltanieh citadel with a square-shape area that is 314 m to 296 m, includ 16 towers and two Northern and Southern gates, built by green lime-stones.

It is advised to visit this wonderful monument, on your trip to North-West of Iran.


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