Iranian garden is famous because of its unique design and construction. 9 Iranian gardens, internationally registered by the UNESCO all over Iran such as: Pasargad in Fars province, Eram garden in Shiraz, Chehelsotoun in Isfahan, Fin garden in Kashan, Abbasabad in Behshahr in Mazandaran province, Shazdeh-Mahan garden in Kerman province, Dolatabad garden in Yazd, Pahlavanpuor garden in Mehriz and Yazd province and Akbarieh garden in Birjand and South-Khorasan province.
The Iranian garden-Pasargad is known as the main sample of the architecture of these Iranian gardens. The great Cyrus himself ordered how to design Pasargad garden in 6th century B.C. and even how to plant the trees and in fact the geometric shapes of the Iranian gardens are obtained from his point of view.
Gardens were shaped in front of palaces and temples in Sasanian era, it continued after Islam too.
The shape of the Iranian gardens consists of water, plants and architecture regularity. This regularity can be found in Iranian carpets too. Water, plant and architecture regularity exist in Iranian designs and paintings and describe an ideal effect of Iranian gardens. Iranian garden is always parted into four major parts; water is the main factor in all gardens, not only for watering the plants but also as a decorative element. Iranian garden describes the heaven and four elements of Zoroastrian beliefs that are the sky, the earth, the water and the plants. The design of the Iranian gardens has been followed in construction of the Indian and the Spanish gardens too.
These 9 gardens are located in different places, but in most Iranian historical cities which are the main tourists’ goals, that each has its own specifications and attractions. It is highly recommended to visit these wonderful gardens on your trips to different places in Iran.