Persepolis is a complex of monuments located on a stone ground of the area of 125000 m2 in the foot of the mountain called Rahmat in Marvdasht in Fars province in the North-East of Shiraz, back to 520 B.C. by the order of the Great Dyros in Acaemenian dynasty. This Iranian monument is registered as the world heritage in the UNESCO in 1979.
Persepolis is one of the archeological cities in Iran that has been the royal capital of Iranian empire during Acaemenian kings. There are complexes of palaces known as Persepolis in this archeological city which has been made by the Great Dyros, Khashayar-Shah and the first Ardeshir during 150 years and has been a center for religious events and the ceremonies specially Norooz (the new year) feast.
Persepolis is also called Parseh, Hezar-Sotoun (Thousand pillar),Chehel-Menaar (40 towers), and Takhteh-Jamshid too. The Greeks called it Persepolis and Islamic historians called it Takhteh-Jamshid then.
On the first day of the New Year, a lot of groups from various nations and their local kings gathered in Persepolis, giving their gifts to the king of the kings. The Great Dyros has been the founder of Persepolis. After him, his son Khashayar-Shah and his grandson the first Ardeshir continued to expand the complex.
Most of the information we have about Acaemenians history and their culture is obtained from the stone inscriptions found in these palaces on the walls and its plates. Historians believe that the Alexander-Maqdooni , the Greek warlord attacked Iran in 330 B.C. and set the fired to the Persepolis, this way he has destroyed a lot of Acaemenians books, culture and arts. However, the ruins are still there and archeologists have found out about the attack and the arson attack.
Persepolis is built on a half-natural and a half-artificial ground. The importance and the quality of the archeological monuments has made it a unique archeological site.
The main parts of the Persepolis are: The front stairs at the entrance, the Melal gate (Nation’s gate), Apadana palace, Seh-Darvazeh (three gates) palace (the central palace or the council hall), Sad-Sotoon palace (Takht hall), Tachar palace (Mirror hall), Hadish palace, Haramsara complex (the seraglio), the treasury, the stone well and the tombs that each require details which cannot be described in this short writing.
This complex has had a brilliant greatness, wonder, and civilization in the time of prosperity and it is one of the main attractions in Iran that attracts lots of incoming and domestic tourists each year.