The archeological city of Rey is the heart of Rey the county. It is in Tehran Province, 14 Km away in the South-East of Tehran, on Tehran-Varamin highway. It reaches Tehran from North, Fashafouyeh from South, Varamin from East and South-east and Eslamshahr from the West.
Rey is located in the huge plain of Rey, in the South of the Alborz mountain ranges. Bibi-Shahrbanou mountain is attached to Rey and Arad mountain is 21 Km in the South-West. It has mild and dry climate.
In ancient Farsi sources, Rey has been called: Aresta, Torah, in Greek and Latin sources as Rega, Regha and Rages and in Maads and Acaemenids as Raga and Ragay.
Since Islam, Rey has been one of the three important cities in the West, as the writer of the book; Ahsan-Al-Taqasim has called it the bride of the cities and the coin of Islam world. Ray was completely damaged by Mongols. It developed again during Safavids Dynasty but it has never accomplished its glory like past.
The history of Rey goes back to about seven thousand years ago. The archeology of Rey is very important for the archeologists. Rey is located in the middle of the main Silk Route between Khorasan and Gorgan to Azarbayjan and Iraq.
Following tourist attractions are mentioned in Rey:
- Cheshmeh Ali (Ali spring) as the life source of one of the oldest civilizations of the world and the founder of Rey.
- The clay pots found in excavations of Rey are one of the most beautiful prehistoric pots that some can be visited in the archeological museum of Iran.
- The defending wall of the city from Sasanids dynasty was 2500 m to 1800 m in the past. 543 m of it is still remained above the Cheshmeh-Ali and next to Ebne-Babvey St. The wall is 5 m to 9 m thick.
- Khaqan-e-Azam epigraph which is above Cheshmeh-Ali was curved according to Fathali Shah’s order in Qajars Dynasty.
- Toqrol Tower is related to Toqrol-Beyk shah of Saljouqs. It is 20 m high and 15 m diameter.
- The Abdol-Azim-Hasani’s Shrine is of some famous persons’ tomb too. The silver shrine was built by Fathali-Shah of Qajars. The brick arc is from Saljouqs era, mirror work is from Naseraldin Shah of Qajars time and the North porch is from Safavids Dynasty.
- The traditional bazaar of Rey is located in the North and goes to the South along Abdol-Azim-Hasani’s Shrine. There is a Chahar-Souq (intersection) in the middle of bazaar. It has a dome on top and reaches twin caravansary from the west and reaches the small Sq. from the East. The bazaar goes back to Safavids Dynasty which was rebuilt by Amir-Kabir in qajars era. Shah-Abbasi Caravansary is in the Shrine St. It was built in Safavids Dynasty and renewed in Qajars era.
- Tappeh-Mil is 12 Km away in the South-East of Rey in Qaleno Village. Bahram fire-temple is on top of the Tappeh-Mil which goes back to Sasanids era.
Ebne-Babveye, Naqareh-Khaneh tower, Afzalieh mosque, Inanj tower (the royal cemetery), Bibi-Zobeydeh, Abdollah Rey, Gabri Castle, Arad water reservoir, Qachaqach Castle, Javanmarde-Qassab tomb, Arbabi house, Kenar-Gerd Caravansary, Kalin natural ice storage, Haroun Prison, Rashkan Fort, Saljouqi Citadel, Stoudan-e-Gabrha (Silent Tower), Hajar-Khatoun tomb, SheykhKoleyni tomb and Bibi-Shahrbanou tomb are the other attractions of Rey the county.
The handicrafts of Rey are: the glass work, mirror work, stone work, wood work, miniature, pottery, ceramic, diaphoretic, wood carving and leather products.
Different kinds of Kebab in Rey traditional bazaar are very famous as its cuisine. It is recommended to visit the archeological city of Rey, next to Tehran.